Exactly what is Explosive Welding Plates?
Aluminum Clad Steel Plates, that is, the metal composite plate produced by the explosive welding method (explosion welding method), explosive welding plate generally means the explosion of the metal composite plate. An explosive welding composite plate is a type of composite material plate manufactured by using explosive forming technology, along with its manufacturing process involves multiple steps like explosive forming, metal composite, and surface treatment.
Metal explosive welding technology is really a composite material processing technology that utilizes the large energy generated by the instantaneous generation of explosives to instantly composite two or more kinds of similar or dissimilar materials together, and this technology can weld alloys with various properties, especially those that are not dissolved, into one piece.
Compared with the direct rolling composite method:
(1) loading speed, that is, the loading process is instantaneous ;
(2) Applied to the workpiece high-pressure pulse load, loading stress is a lot greater than the yield strength of the metal material;
(3) The bonding area shows wave-like metallurgical bonding characteristics;
Explosive welding composite plate history
Explosive composite discovery is definitely the earliest in 1944, the American L.R. Karl (Carl) inside a dynamite explosion test, accidentally found two pieces of 1-inch diameter, thickness of .035 inches of thin brass discs, due to the sudden impact of the explosion and was welded together. Actually, in World War II, individuals the repair of wounded tanks, but also often found that tilted impact towards the tank around the shrapnel will be firmly welded towards the tank armor phenomenon, just during the war individuals have no time to study it.
In 1947, the Siberian branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, the famous scientists M.A. Lavrentsev in the study of polymer bombs to penetrate the armor also found this phenomenon, in his dissertation formally known as “explosive welding”.
In the field of welding, the welding of different materials, like steel and aluminum, steel and copper, is technically very difficult. And large welding depth of welding is also very difficult, if you want to use conventional welding, shielding welding as well as other welding methods will be two 40mm thick wide plate welded right into a 80mm thick wide plate, it is estimated that no one will do. However, the explosive welding is ideal to resolve the 2 problems at the same time.
Explosive welding composite plate principle production method
Explosive welding is really a composite plate manufacturing method that mixes one or more materials right into a single piece using explosives because the energy source. After the explosion of explosives, the blast products form a higher-pressure pulse load, directly working on the compound plate, promoting the top-speed movement of the compound plate, within the collision point of the compound plate as well as the substrate tilt collision, combined with violent plastic deformation as well as the formation of the jet, the jet eliminates the surface of the contamination layer, so that the welded metal flat plate having a clean surface in contact with each other at high temperatures and pressures, the 2 kinds of plate will realize the strong metallurgical bonding.
Explosive welding composite plate-specific production methods:
1. Explosion molding
Explosion molding is the initial step within the manufacture of explosive welding composite plates. Within the explosion forming process, explosives in some conditions instantly detonated, the resulting high-pressure gas will be pushed towards the opposite side of the metal plate mold, so that the metal plate instantly to get the desired shape and size. This forming technique is characterized by high precision and efficiency.
2. Metal composite
Within the explosion molding, the necessity for metal composite. This step is generally used in explosion welding or explosion crimping as well as other methods, two or more metal plates with the explosion energy combined together to create a composite material. Throughout the metal composite process, a metallurgical reaction occurs between different metals, forming a strong metallurgical bond.
Surface treatment is usually required to enhance the surface quality and corrosion resistance of the explosive welding plate. Widely used surface treatment methods include spraying, plating, chemical plating and so on. These techniques can increase the wear resistance, corrosion resistance and aesthetics of the composite plate.
Explosive welding composite plate production process, although simple, flexible production, however the technical requirements are high, hard to accurately control, the parent material properties (toughness, impact properties, etc.), explosives properties (bursting speed stability, safety, etc.), the initial parameters (the amount of explosives per unit area, the base compound plate spacing, etc.) as well as the dynamic parameters (collision angle, the compound plate collision speed, etc.) of the choice and system coordination of the composite plate of the finished product yield and quality has a direct impact.
The composite interface includes direct bonding area, melting layer and vortex. Atomic diffusion exists in the bonding interface, and severe plastic deformation with work hardening happens in the bonding zone. The bonding surface has a wavy structure, which is helpful to the improvement of bonding strength and tensile strength.
Explosive welding plate performance
Explosive welding explosive welding plate is not going to alter the chemical composition and physical state of the original material, based on the actual needs of the composite material to become individually processed into the required optimal state.
Explosive welding plate application performance is very good, can withstand cold, hot processing without changing the thickness of the mixture of materials compared to the mixture of composite materials is very high strength, usually greater than the low side of the mixture of materials, which is unattainable by other technologies. The composite material is not going to delaminate or crack during subsequent heat treatment, leveling, cutting, rolling, spinning as well as other production.
For room temperature and 550 ? heat treatment of carbon steel surface layer (close to the interface layer) has serious deformation brought on by fibrous tissue and many fine particles, the center of the organization of ferrite plus pearlite; stainless steel interface for the second phase of point-like organization, the center of the needle-like organization. But by 650 ? treatment of carbon steel samples close to the interface section of small particles of the organization disappeared (that could occur decarburization), the grain becomes coarse, the center of the organization is still ferrite plus pearlite, but can not observed in the business of the slip line produced by deformation; as well as in the stainless steel interface you will find a large number of small black particles, titanium steel composite plate could be the decarburization of chromium carbide particles formed after the benefits of the fabric right into a whole, giving full play to the usage of different metal materials, and greatly save rare and rare materials, and the usage of different metal materials. The usage of performance greatly saves rare metal materials, thus reducing the production price of equipment.
Weak demand and oversupply in Asia have pushed steelmakers in the region to develop supplies of low-carbon steel and iron, especially because the Jan. 31 reporting deadline for the European Union’s Carbon Boundary Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) draws nearer, market participants said.
The situation is further complicated because other Western countries, namely the U.S., are looking to introduce similar policies.
A Singaporean trader said, “Asian steel producers have not slowed down production and are looking to increase output, therefore we expect capacity additions to outpace demand growth, particularly in the post-epidemic recovery period.” . “…… Products need to go somewhere. Producers can export to Europe, but this means they have to offer low-carbon products at huge discounts.”
Asia’s way to decarbonization has seen a number of breakthroughs, particularly as policymakers have focused on various climate targets and dealt with public and private stakeholders to build up low-carbon technologies.
These investments have enabled steelmakers to discover commercially viable technologies and reliable sources of clean energy, namely direct reduction of iron from scrap or natural gas, or shifting to electric arc furnace steelmaking, which has a lower carbon intensity compared to blast furnaces.
Paolo Frediani, senior analyst at Fastmarkets, said the market is reacting towards the steadily growing demand for green steel, given the amount of pipeline investment.
“CBAM will certainly give a major boost [in developing a green steel supply chain], but despite the advanced regulating steel emissions in Europe, the green steel premium is largely supported because increasingly more end-users are attempting to reduce their overall carbon footprint,” says Frediani. “Although this drive is stronger in some regions than the others, it is being a global phenomenon.”
Explosive composite explosion welding advantages
Explosive composite this new process, new technology inside a short time to obtain rapid development and wide application, the main reason is that it has got the following four advantages:
(1) A variety of composite materials could be combined it will make the melting point, strength, coefficient of thermal expansion as well as other performance differences are extremely disparate metal combinations to achieve composite. Like aluminum – steel, titanium – steel. At present has realized the composite material combination of more than 300 kinds, which is incomparable to other methods.
(2) Excellent material properties
Composite plate of the general design principle would be to meet the mechanical properties of the structure of the base material, compound plate to meet the corrosion or wear resistance as well as other properties. Therefore, compared with a single metal plate, the composite plate makes full use of the best performance of the substrate, as well as the compound plate not only has got the required high strength but also has excellent corrosion resistance, wear resistance, as well as other properties of high production efficiency.
(3) High production efficiency/high bond strength.
Explosive composite in a very short time, and may be welded spanning a large area, a place of up to 20 square meters or more, within the composite interface, dissimilar metals with the metal bond to achieve inter-atomic bonding is normally not less than the a minimum of the effectiveness of the composite material constituting the respective parent body.
(4) Good economy
The usage of explosion welding technology to produce composite plate products have both corrosion resistance of the compound layer as well as other functional characteristics and both the effectiveness of the grass-roots level and plastic toughness indicators, you can save precious metal resources, reduce costs.
Use of explosive welding plate
Composite materials produced by the explosive welding method continues to be widely used in petroleum, chemical, shipbuilding, electronics, electric power, metallurgy, machinery, aerospace, atomic energy as well as other industrial fields. The composite plate is carbon steel as a substrate, single-sided or multi-faceted with precious metals as a double layer of high-efficiency energy-saving new composite materials, composite by explosion welding of special processing technology, both with the corrosion resistance of precious metals, wear resistance, but also with carbon steel, good weldability, molding, extensibility, thermal conductivity; explosive welding plate is now widely used within the petrochemical industry, metallurgy, salt production and alkali production, the water industry, Nuclear industry.
In shipbuilding, explosive welding plates can be used to manufacture hull structures, decks, bulkheads, etc. Because of its high strength and good corrosion resistance, the explosive welding plate can effectively enhance the durability and service life of the ship.
Within the aerospace field, explosive welding composite plates can be used to manufacture airplane fuselage, wings, engine parts, etc. Because of its good thermal stability and strength, explosive welding composite plate can enhance the performance and safety of aircraft.
Within the construction industry, explosive welding composite plates can be used to manufacture structural parts for bridges, high-rise buildings, highways, and so on. Because of its high strength and good corrosion resistance, explosive welding composite plate can enhance the safety and service life of buildings.
In automobile manufacturing, explosive welding composite plates can be used to manufacture body structural parts, engine parts, and so on. Because of its lightweight, high strength, and good thermal stability, the explosive welding plate can enhance the performance and safety of automobiles.
Explosive welding plate cladding of metals supplier
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